Geez! Who knew the collapse of a dynasty could be so insanely over-determined?

From Harper’s November 2023 Findings:

The collapse of the Qing Dynasty [1644-1911] was driven by the quadrupling of its population and consequent rural impoverishment, an overabundance of qualified applicants for elite academic degrees, rising costs and trade deficits, and falling productivity, which were variously associated with internal unrest, opium imports, and the depletion of silver reserves.

What else could go wrong? I mean, this is kind of like everything, right?

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